McKinney-Vento Homeless Act
What is McKinney-Vento?
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act is the primary federal (U.S) law dealing with the education of children and youth in homeless situations. The McKinney-Vento Act protects the right of homeless children and youth to get to, stay in, and be successful in school while they or their families are homeless. The law focuses on maintaining school stability and school access and providing support for academic success for homeless kids. The law also requires schools and states to use child-centered, best-interest decision making when working with homeless children and their families to choose a homeless child's school, services, and other needed resources.
What educational rights does McKinney-Vento guarantee for homeless children and youth?
Why do homeless children and youth need a federal law to protect their right to an education?
Homeless children and youth face lots of barriers in trying to enroll, remain, and be successful in school, including:
The McKinney-Vento Act's definition who qualifies as a homeless child or youth is quite broad: "Children and youth who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence," including, but not limited to:
No, the law does not specify an age range. McKinney-Vento applies to all school-aged children and youth. Ohio law allows all children between the ages of 5 and 22 the right to attend school.